Agreement Between Mercosur And European Union

On 24 February 2014, at the seventh Brazil-EU summit, the Brazilian President indicated that a free trade agreement between MERCOSUR and the EU was about to be concluded. Supporters of the deal say it would force Brazil to replant 12 hectares of trees in the Amazon rainforest. But in August 2019, when forest fires ravaged the region, France, Ireland and Luxembourg threatened to block the agreement if Brazil failed to meet its environmental commitments. The XXVII round of negotiations on the trade side of the Association Agreement between the European Union and MERCOSUR was held in Brussels from 3 to 7 July 2017. After Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro received widespread criticism of the protection of the Amazon rainforest, Ireland and France both expressed concern and threatened to veto the agreement if the Brazilian government did not act. [26] In July 2019, a symbolic motion to reject the trade agreement was passed by 84 votes to 46 in the Irish legislature D`il Iireann. [11] On 8 August 2019, Luxembourg`s Trade Minister declared that the implementation of the Paris climate agreement was a necessary condition for the signing of the EU and Mercosur trade agreement. [27] On 28 August, Slovak Agriculture Minister Gabriela Matecna said Slovakia would block the agreement because of Brazil`s unacceptable approach to the Amazon fires. [28] In September 2019, MEPs from the Austrian Parliament`s European Subcommittee voted almost unanimously to reject the proposed free trade agreement because of concerns about their national agricultural sector and Amazonian forest fires. That is why the government is obliged to veto the pact at EU level, where all 28 Member States and their parliaments must approve trade agreements.

MPs from the centre-right party VP and the far-right Liberals also voted against the agreement. [29] On 20 January 2020, the government of the Belgian Walloon region formally took a stand against the agreement. On 5 February 2020, the Walloon parliament unanimously approved this position (70-0). [30] On 2 June 2020, the Dutch House of Representatives passed a motion which rejected the Agremeent by a narrow majority. [31] The government of the Brussels-Capital region declared on 14 July 2020 that the agreement was not acceptable in its current form and listed a number of preconditions. This position was approved by a parliamentary committee on 10 October 2020. [32] On 20 August 2020, German Chancellor Angela Merkel expressed doubts about the EU-Mercosur trade agreement and its ability to get by in its current form. [33] On 29 September 2020, Deputy Prime Minister Leo Varadkar said that Ireland would not ratify the EU and Mercosur trade agreement if no enforceable environmental guarantees were added. [34] The agreement came after twenty years of negotiations. Talks began in 1999,[2] but stopped before resuming in 2016. [4] Discussions have been unsuccessful for years due to opposition from European beef producers, particularly small farmers, who feared being underestimated by imports from Brazil, the world`s largest beef producer.

[5] Many governments in South America preferred “South-South cooperation” for the development of relations with Europe at that time, while European governments also had other priorities. [6] The EU has bilateral partnership and cooperation agreements with Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. Mercosur countries no longer benefit from the Generalized Preference System (GSP) because of their classification as a high-middle-income country. June 28, 2019, the European Union and Mercosur reached a political agreement on an ambitious, balanced and comprehensive trade agreement on issues such as: On 28 June 2019, the EU and Mercosur reached a political agreement, days after more than 340 social movements from both sides called for a halt to negotiations due to the deterioration of human rights and the environment in Brazil. , under the new far-right president Jair Bolsonaro.